General information on Poland

  • Official name: Republic of Poland / Rzeczpospolita Polska (short form: Poland / Polska)
  • Language: Polish
  • Capital city: Warsaw (Warszawa)
  • Major cities: Gdańsk, Kraków, Łódź, Poznań, Wrocław, Bydgoszcz, Szczecin
  • Population: 38 518 241
  • Total area: 312 685 sq km (304 465 sq m - land, 8220 sq m - water)
  • Local time: GMT + 1 hr
  • Location: Central Europe
  • Border countries:
    Belarus 416 km,
    Czech Republic 790 km,
    Germany 467 km,
    Lithuania 103 km,
    Russia (Kaliningrad Oblast) 210 km,
    Slovakia 541 km,
    Ukraine 529 km,
  • Climate: temperate with cold, cloudy, moderately severe winters with frequent precipitation; mild summers with frequent showers and thundershowers
  • Government type: republic
  • Executive branch:
    head of state: President Andrzej Duda
    head of government: Prime Minister: Beata Szydło
  • Independence: 11 November 1918 (republic proclaimed)
  • Member of the European Union: Since 2004
  • Religions: Roman Catholic 89,8%, Eastern Orthodox 1,3%, Protestant 0,3%, other 0,3%, unspecified 8,3%
  • Monetary unit: złoty (PLN)
  • Approximate exchange rates: please refer to the National Bank of Poland: www.nbp.pl

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